Oracle - SQL & PL/SQL Course

Course Details:

Length: 5 days

Price: $2,850/person (USD)

Bundle & Save: View Bundle

Group Price: Request Quote

Training Reviews

Course Features:

Live Instructor Teaching

Certificate of Completion

Digital Badge

Courseware: Digital

Free 6 Month Online Retake

Hands-On Learning?: Yes

Software Lab Included?: Yes

Delivery Methods:

Live Online

Individuals and Groups
@ Your Location

Onsite for Teams

Group Teams
@ Your Organization

This is an instructor-led course. It is taught by an instructor live online or at organizations for groups.
For team training, we can teach onsite at your office or private live online.


Course Overview

This 5-day course teaches how to access Oracle databases through SQL statements and construct PL/SQL programs. Oracle Database SQL offers complete coverage of the latest database features and techniques. Find out how to write SQL statements to retrieve and modify database information, use SQL*Plus and SQL Developer, work with database objects, write PL/SQL programs, use performance optimization techniques, incorporate XML, and more. This course contains everything you need to know to master Oracle PL/SQL.

Register Early: Registration Deadline is 2 Weeks Prior to Class Start.

Course Notes

Versions That Can Attend: Oracle 12c, 18c & 19c
Course Taught With: Oracle 12c

Suggested Follow-Ons

Oracle Database Administration


Course Topics

Section 1: An Introduction to SQL

Chapter 1 An introduction to relational databases and SQL
An introduction to client/server systems
The hardware components of a client/server system
The software components of a client/server system
Other client/server architectures
An introduction to the relational database model
How a table is organized
How tables are related
How columns in a table are defined
An introduction to SQL and SQL-based systems
A brief history of SQL
A comparison of Oracle, DB2, Microsoft SQL Server, and MySQL
The SQL statements
An introduction to the SQL statements
How to work with database objects
How to query a single table
How to join data from two or more tables
How to add, update, and delete data in a table
How to work with views
SQL coding guidelines
An introduction to PL/SQL
How to work with stored procedures
How to work with user-defined functions
How to work with triggers
How to use SQL from an application program
Three data access models
Java code that retrieves data from an Oracle database

Chapter 2 How to use Oracle SQL Developer and other tools
How to work with an Oracle database
How to start and stop the database service
How to use the Database Home Page
How to use SQL*Plus
How to use SQL Developer to work with a database
How to create a database connection
How to export or import database connections
How to navigate through the database objects
How to view the column definitions for a table
How to view the data for a table
How to edit the column definitions
How to use SQL Developer to run SQL statements
How to enter and execute a SQL statement
How to work with the Snippets window
How to handle syntax errors
How to open and save SQL statements
How to enter and execute a SQL script
How to use the SQL Reference manual
How to view the manual
How to look up information


Section 2 The essential SQL skills

Chapter 3 How to retrieve data from a single table
An introduction to the SELECT statement
The basic syntax of the SELECT statement
SELECT statement examples
How to code the SELECT clause
How to code column specifications
How to name the columns in a result set
How to code string expressions
How to code arithmetic expressions
How to use scalar functions
How to use the Dual table
How to use the DISTINCT keyword to eliminate duplicate rows
How to use the ROWNUM pseudo column to limit the number of rows
How to code the WHERE clause
How to use the comparison operators
How to use the AND, OR, and NOT logical operators
How to use the IN operator
How to use the BETWEEN operator
How to use the LIKE operator
How to use the IS NULL condition
How to code the ORDER BY clause
How to sort a result set by a column name
How to sort a result set by an alias, an expression, or a column number
How to code the row limiting clause
How to limit the number of rows
How to return a range of rows

Chapter 4 How to retrieve data from two or more tables
How to work with inner joins
How to code an inner join
When and how to use table aliases
How to work with tables from different schemas
How to use compound join conditions
How to use a self-join
Inner joins that join more than two tables
How to use the implicit inner join syntax
How to work with outer joins
How to code an outer join
Outer join examples
Outer joins that join more than two tables
How to use the implicit outer join syntax
Other skills for working with joins
How to combine inner and outer joins
How to join tables with the USING keyword
How to join tables with the NATURAL keyword
How to use cross joins
How to work with unions
The syntax of a union
Unions that combine data from different tables
Unions that combine data from the same table
How to use the MINUS and INTERSECT operators

Chapter 5 How to code summary queries
How to work with aggregate functions
How to code aggregate functions
Queries that use aggregate functions
How to group and summarize data
How to code the GROUP BY and HAVING clauses
Queries that use the GROUP BY and HAVING clauses
How the HAVING clause compares to the WHERE clause
How to code complex search conditions
How to summarize data using Oracle extensions
How to use the ROLLUP operator
How to use the CUBE operator

Chapter 6 How to code subqueries
An introduction to subqueries
How to use subqueries
How subqueries compare to joins
How to code subqueries in search conditions
How to use subqueries with the IN operator
How to compare the result of a subquery with an expression
How to use the ALL keyword
How to use the ANY and SOME keywords
How to code correlated subqueries
How to use the EXISTS operator
Other ways to use subqueries
How to code subqueries in the FROM clause
How to code subqueries in the SELECT clause
Guidelines for working with complex queries
A complex query that uses subqueries
A procedure for building complex queries
Two more skills for working with subqueries
How to code a subquery factoring clause
How to code a hierarchical query

Chapter 7 How to insert, update, and delete data
How to create test tables
How to create the tables for this book
How to create a copy of a table
How to commit and rollback changes
How to commit changes
How to rollback changes
How to insert new rows
How to insert a single row
How to insert default values and null values
How to use a subquery to insert multiple rows
How to update existing rows
How to update rows
How to use a subquery in an UPDATE statement
How to delete existing rows
How to delete rows
How to use a subquery in a DELETE statement

Chapter 8 How to work with data types and functions
The built-in data types
Data type overview
The character data types
The numeric data types
The temporal data types
The large object data types
How to convert data from one type to another
How to convert characters, numbers, and dates
Common number format elements
Common date/time format elements
How to convert characters to and from their numeric codes
How to work with character data
How to use the common character functions
How to parse a string
How to sort a string in numerical sequence
How to sort mixed-case columns in alphabetical sequence
How to work with numeric data
How to use the common numeric functions
How to search for floating-point numbers
How to work with date/time data
How to use the common date/time functions
How to parse dates and times
How to perform a date search
How to perform a time search
Other functions you should know about
How to use the CASE function
How to use the COALESCE, NVL, and NVL2 functions
How to use the GROUPING function
How to use the ranking functions


Section 3 Database design and implementation

Chapter 9 How to design a database
How to design a data structure
The basic steps for designing a data structure
How to identify the data elements
How to subdivide the data elements
How to identify the tables and assign columns
How to identify the primary and foreign keys
How to enforce the relationships between tables
How normalization works
How to identify the columns to be indexed
How to normalize a data structure
The seven normal forms
How to apply the first normal form
How to apply the second normal form
How to apply the third normal form
When and how to denormalize a data structure

Chapter 10 How to create tables, indexes, and sequences
How to work with tables
How to create a table
How to code a primary key constraint
How to code a foreign key constraint
How to code a check constraint
How to alter the columns of a table
How to alter the constraints of a table
How to rename, truncate, and drop a table
How to work with indexes
How to create an index
How to drop an index
How to work with sequences
How to create a sequence
How to use a sequence
How to alter a sequence
How to drop a sequence
The script used to create the AP tables
An introduction to scripts
How the DDL statements work
How to automatically generate ID values
How to use a sequence as a default value
How to use the GENERATED clause
How to use SQL Developer
How to work with the columns of a table
How to work with the data of a table
How to work with the constraints of a table
How to work with indexes
How to work with sequences

Chapter 11 How to create views
An introduction to views
How views work
Benefits of using views
How to work with views
How to create a view
How to create an updatable view
How to create a read-only view
How to use the WITH CHECK OPTION clause
How to insert or delete rows through a view
How to alter or drop a view
How to use SQL Developer
How to get information about a view
How to drop a view
How to alter or create a view

Chapter 12 How to manage database security
An introduction to database security
How to create an admin user
How to use SQL Developer to view database objects for a schema
How to create end users
How to use SQL*Plus to test end users
System privileges and object privileges
How to manage database security
How to create, alter, and drop users
How to create and drop roles
How to grant privileges
How to revoke privileges
How to work with private synonyms
How to work with public synonyms
A script that creates roles and users
How to view the privileges for users and roles
How to use SQL Developer
How to work with users
How to grant and revoke roles
How to grant and revoke system privileges


Section 4 The essential PL/SQL skills

Chapter 13 How to write PL/SQL code
An introduction to PL/SQL
An anonymous PL/SQL block in a script
A summary of statements for working with PL/SQL and scripts
How to code the basic PL/SQL statements
How to print data to an output window
How to declare and use variables
How to code IF statements
How to code CASE statements
How to code loops
How to use a cursor
How to use collections
How to handle exceptions
A list of predefined exceptions
Other scripting and PL/SQL skills
How to drop database objects without displaying errors
How to use bind variables
How to use substitution variables
How to use dynamic SQL
How to run a script from a command line

Chapter 14 How to manage transactions and locking
How to work with transactions
How to commit and rollback transactions
How to work with save points
How to work with concurrency and locking
How concurrency and locking are related
The four concurrency problems that locks can prevent
How to set the transaction isolation level
How to prevent deadlocks

Chapter 15 How to create stored procedures and functions
How to code stored procedures
How to create and call a stored procedure
How to code input and output parameters
How to code optional parameters
How to raise errors
A stored procedure that inserts a row
A stored procedure that drops a table
How to drop a stored procedure
How to code user-defined functions
How to create and call a function
A function that calculates balance due
How to drop a function
How to work with packages
How to create a package
How to drop a package
Advantages of packages
How to use SQL Developer
How to view and drop procedures, functions, and packages
How to edit and compile procedures and functions
How to grant and revoke privileges
How to debug procedures and functions

Chapter 16 How to create triggers
How to work with triggers
How to create a BEFORE trigger for a table
How to use a trigger to enforce data consistency
How to use a trigger to work with a sequence
How to create an AFTER trigger for a table
How to use an INSTEAD OF trigger for a view
How to use a trigger to work with DDL statements
How to use a trigger to work with database events
How to enable, disable, rename, or drop a trigger
Other skills for working with triggers
How to code a compound trigger
A trigger that causes the mutating-table error
How to solve the mutating-table problem
How to use SQL Developer
How to view, rename, or drop a trigger
How to enable or disable a trigger
How to edit a trigger
How to debug a trigger


Section 5 Advanced data types

Chapter 17 How to work with timestamps and intervals
An introduction to time zones
Database time zone vs. session time zone
How to change the default date format
How to change the default time zone
Session settings vs. database settings
How to use functions to work with time zones
How to work with timestamps
An introduction to the TIMESTAMP types
How to work with the TIMESTAMP type
How to work with the TIMESTAMP WITH LOCAL TIME ZONE type
How to work with the TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE type
Common format elements for timestamps
How to use functions to work with timestamps
How to work with intervals
An introduction to the INTERVAL types
How to work with the INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH type
How to work with the INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND type
How to use functions to work with intervals

Chapter 18 How to work with large objects
An introduction to large objects
The LOB types
APIs for working with LOBs
How to use SQL to work with large objects
How to work with CLOBs
How to work with NCLOBs
How to work with BLOBs
How to work with BFILEs
How to specify LOB storage options
How to migrate to the new LOB types
How to use Java to work with large objects
The main method for the sample application
How to write an image to a table
How to read an image from a table
A utility class for working with databases
How to use PL/SQL to work with large objects
The methods of the DBMS_LOB package
An example that uses the DBMS_LOB package

Course FAQs

What Are the Available Class Formats?

This course is taught by a live instructor and is available in two class formats:

  1. Live Online for Individuals
  2. Onsite/Online for Private Groups

What Are Oracle Relational Databases and SQL?

Oracle Relational Databases and Structured Query Language (SQL) are powerful tools used to store, manage, and access data. Oracle databases are highly structured, allowing users to quickly and easily query the database for specific information. Using SQL commands, complex queries can be formulated to search existing data or generate new results. Oracle databases offer numerous security features, such as encryption and access control, to ensure the safety of stored data. Oracle's built-in scalability allows for databases to be expanded or reduced in size without any interruptions in service. Oracle Relational Databases and SQL are essential parts of modern database management systems. With their ability to store and query data, Oracle databases offer users a reliable and secure way to manage their information.

What Is Oracle SQL Developer?

Oracle SQL Developer is a powerful and popular integrated development environment (IDE) designed specifically to handle the complexities of database software development. It provides an intuitive user interface with many sophisticated features that make it easy to work with SQL databases. Oracle SQL Developer supports a wide range of operations, including creating and editing database objects, running queries, developing stored procedures, creating database diagrams, and much more. It also supports the use of debugging tools to optimize SQL code development process.

With these features, Oracle SQL Developer is an ideal tool for developing and managing databases cost-effectively. It makes database administration simpler with its seamless integration capabilities with other Oracle products. By enabling developers to quickly develop, test and deploy applications, Oracle SQL Developer helps to increase business productivity and reduce development costs. The intuitive user interface makes it easy for even novice users to quickly learn and be productive with the product. Its powerful code editor also simplifies tasks such as writing code snippets, executing multiple queries at once, formatting code correctly and debugging errors.

What Is Oracle SQL SELECT?

Oracle SQL SELECT is a powerful statement in the Structured Query Language (SQL) that enables users to extract data from tables and other sources. It has been used extensively by database developers, administrators, and analysts over many years as it provides flexibility and accuracy for retrieving specific data.

The SELECT statement can be used to search for specific columns within a table, join multiple tables together, filter results using WHERE clauses, and aggregate data using GROUP BY clauses. By combining the right set of parameters, users can quickly create accurate reports on top of their data. Oracle SQL SELECT can be used in conjunction with other statements such as UPDATE and DELETE to make changes or delete records from existing databases.

Oracle SQL SELECT is a great tool for any organization looking to get the most out of their data. With its ability to quickly and accurately extract, filter, and aggregate data, it can be used to create complex reports with ease. The flexibility of the statement allows users to tailor their query results to exactly what they need and make data-driven decisions with confidence.

What Are Oracle SQL Joins and Types?

Oracle SQL Joins are used to retrieve data from multiple tables. By leveraging a join, you can combine columns from one or more tables in a database and use them as if they were one table. This allows for powerful queries that would otherwise not be possible.

There are four types of Oracle SQL Joins: inner join, left outer join, right outer join, and full outer join.

Inner Join

An inner join combines two or more tables based on a given condition in the WHERE clause. All rows from both tables that meet this condition will be included in the result set of the query.

Left Outer Join

A left outer join includes all rows from the left table (the first specified in the JOIN clause) and only those rows from the right table that meet the given condition in the WHERE clause.

Right Outer Join

A right outer join includes all rows from the right table (the second specified in the JOIN clause) and only those rows from the left table that meets the given condition in the WHERE clause.

Full Outer Join

A full outer join combines all rows from both tables, regardless of whether they meet the condition in the WHERE clause or not.

Using these SQL Joins allows you to build queries with multiple tables to get complex results and powerful insights into your data. They are essential for many Oracle applications and can save considerable time when creating reports. Oracle SQL Joins provide a powerful way to access and analyze data from multiple tables. By leveraging various join types, you can combine data from multiple tables and use them as if they were one table, allowing for complex queries that would not otherwise be possible. Understanding and using the different types of joins can help you get the most out of your Oracle applications.

What Are Oracle SQL Code Summary Queries?

Oracle SQL code summary queries are powerful tools for data analysis and organization. These queries allow you to summarize, group, and analyze data in various ways to gain insights into your data sets.

Aggregate functions allow you to sum up the total values of a particular column for all records that match the criteria you specify. You can use aggregate functions such as SUM, AVERAGE, COUNT, and MIN/MAX to quickly summarize data.

GROUP BY allows you to group a set of records that share the same value in a given column. This type of query can be useful when trying to compare different groups of data or identify trends within them.

HAVING is similar to the WHERE clause, except that it applies after a GROUP BY clause. HAVING allows you to specify conditions that must be met for a given record to be included in a query result.

ROLLUP and CUBE queries allow you to summarize data across multiple columns or dimensions. With ROLLUP, you can create subtotals across consecutive columns, and with CUBE, you can generate a total for all combinations of column values. These queries are useful for creating reports that display data at multiple levels of granularity.

By utilizing these Oracle SQL query summary tools, organizations can gain meaningful insights into their data sets and make more informed decisions.

What Are Oracle SQL Subqueries?

Oracle SQL subqueries are nested queries that are used within a larger query and provide the ability to compare values from multiple tables. Subqueries can be used in various parts of a statement, such as the SELECT list, WHERE clause, and HAVING clause. They can also appear in an INSERT statement or with UPDATE statements such as DELETE. Subqueries return values from a given expression and can be used to create complex queries that involve multiple tables. With the help of subqueries, complex problems can be solved with fewer lines of code than would otherwise be required.

Oracle SQL subqueries are an important tool in any database developer’s arsenal and offer many benefits when used in the right context. They can be used to simplify complex queries and make them more efficient, while also providing a powerful method of manipulating data within a database.

What Is Oracle SQL: Insert, Update and Delete?

Oracle SQL Insert, Update, and Delete statements are three of the most fundamental operations in any database system. The INSERT statement is used to add new records to a table, while UPDATE and DELETE statements modify existing data. Oracle provides powerful and efficient ways to perform these operations, allowing developers to maintain accurate and consistent databases quickly and easily.

Oracle INSERT Statement

The INSERT statement adds data to existing tables. It allows users to add one or more rows at a time, as well as supply values for columns in the new records. The syntax of this statement is simple, with options available for specifying additional details about the operation.

Oracle UPDATE Statement

The UPDATE statement modifies existing records in a table. It allows users to change the value of a column, or multiple columns, in one or more rows at once. This statement also supports a WHERE clause, making it possible to target specific records for modification.

Oracle DELETE Statement

The DELETE statement is used to remove existing records from tables. It can be used with a WHERE clause to delete a specific row or set of rows, or without one to delete all records in the table.

Oracle SQL Insert, Update, and Delete statements are essential tools in any database system. They can be used to quickly and reliably manage data using flexible and powerful syntax. When used properly, they allow developers to maintain accurate and consistent databases with minimal effort.

What Are Oracle SQL Data Types and Functions?

Oracle SQL data types and functions are essential building blocks of any successful database. They define the type and structure of data entered into a table, as well as how it is manipulated. Oracle SQL provides several distinct data types that can be used to store and efficiently manipulate information.

The main categories of Oracle SQL data types include Character, Number, Date/Time, and Large Objects. Character types store strings of characters such as alphanumeric text or symbols. Number types are used to store integer and decimal values. Date/Time data types enable Oracle SQL to track date and time information in tables. Lastly, Large Object (LOB) data types enable users to store documents, images, audio, and video within the database.

Oracle SQL provides a range of functions that can be used to manipulate data stored in tables. Aggregate functions such as SUM, AVG, and COUNT allow users to quickly analyze large sets of data by performing operations on multiple rows at once. Date/Time functions enable users to convert date formats, calculate time intervals, and perform other calculations with date/time values. String functions enable Oracle SQL to manipulate text strings. Finally, Conversion functions allow users to convert data types from one form to another.

Oracle SQL’s comprehensive range of data types and functions provides developers with the tools they need to create efficient and reliable databases. With these tools, developers can ensure that their databases will successfully store and manage data. It is important to understand how Oracle SQL data types and functions are used to create robust databases. By properly using these features, developers can create powerful applications that make use of the full power of the Oracle database.

What Is Oracle SQL Database Design?

Oracle SQL database design is a powerful and comprehensive process for designing, implementing, and managing relational databases. It helps organizations to create reliable, secure, and efficient database systems that are capable of meeting their data needs. Oracle SQL database design involves creating the logical structure of the database using components such as tables, views, indexes, and constraints; mapping this logical structure to a physical storage space, and configuring the database parameters to ensure optimal performance. It includes creating relationships between tables and data elements to create meaningful associations, as well as designing security measures to protect the data. By leveraging proper Oracle SQL database design, businesses can maximize their resources and gain insight into their data for better decision-making capabilities. It is a crucial component of any organization’s data management strategy.

What Is Oracle SQL Table, Index and Sequences Creation?

Oracle SQL offers users the ability to create tables, indexes, and sequences. Tables are used to store data in a relational format, while indexes are used to speed up access to specific rows or columns of data within a table. Sequences can be used to generate unique values for use when inserting new records into a table. Creating these objects is relatively straightforward and can be accomplished with a few simple SQL commands.

When creating a table, you should define the columns that will make up the table, including the data type for each column and any constraints (such as a primary key or foreign key relationships) it may have. You may wish to create an index to speed up searches on certain columns, as well as a sequence to auto-generate values for records in the table.

Creating an index is relatively simple, requiring just the name of the index and the columns it should be based on. Creating a sequence requires more information such as the starting value, increment, maximum and minimum values allowed. Once these objects are created, they can be used to create and manipulate data in the table.

By utilizing these objects, Oracle SQL can provide a powerful tool for managing your relational data. Knowing how to create tables, indexes and sequences will enable you to access your data, allowing for more efficient retrieval of information. With a clear understanding of Oracle SQL table, index, and sequence creation, you'll be able to leverage their power to get the most out of your data.

What Are Oracle SQL Views?

Oracle SQL views are a powerful tool that allow for simplified access to the data stored within an Oracle database. By creating a view, users can select specific columns from multiple tables and join them together into one logical table. This makes retrieving data faster and easier, as well as ensures consistency of results across applications. Views also enable administrators to restrict user access to certain parts of the database, while still providing users with access to the data they need. This makes Oracle views an essential tool for any organization that relies on data stored in an Oracle database. Views also allow for easier maintenance and updating of the data, as changes can be made in a single view instead of multiple tables. They allow for better security as they help to protect the underlying data from unauthorized access. Oracle views are a powerful and versatile tool that can make managing and accessing data stored in an Oracle database much simpler and more secure.

What Is Oracle SQL Database Security Techniques?

Oracle SQL database security is critical for any organization that wants to protect its data. Oracle provides multiple options for securing an Oracle database, including both application-level and server-level security measures. At the application level, users can take advantage of role-based access control (RBAC) to limit what a user is allowed to do within the database. RBAC provides a way to assign privileges to users based on their roles and responsibilities. In addition, Oracle's Advanced Security Option (ASO) allows administrators to create encrypted connections between the database server and any external application, such as a web application or mobile app. ASO also provides encryption for data stored in the database itself.

At the server level, Oracle provides a wide range of security measures. These include database auditing to monitor and identify suspicious activity, as well as secure configuration practices such as using strong passwords and restricting access to certain areas of the database. Oracle also offers encryption at rest for backup data stored on disk, ensuring that sensitive information remains protected even if it is inadvertently exposed.

By using the available database security measures, organizations can ensure that their data remains safe from external threats and unauthorized access. With Oracle's robust security system in place, organizations can use their database with confidence that their data is secure. However, as with any security system, administrators should periodically review their security policies and practices to ensure they remain up to date. Taking these steps will help organizations maintain the highest level of database security possible.

What Is Oracle PL/SQL?

Oracle PL/SQL is a procedural language used to develop programs and application code for the Oracle database. It combines the power of SQL with the flexibility and usability of an imperative programming language, allowing developers to create more complex applications faster and more easily than with pure SQL alone. PL/SQL includes features such as variables, cursors, triggers, and exception handling that add dynamic functionality to applications. PL/SQL is SQL-compliant and works seamlessly with Oracle databases, making it a powerful development tool for database-driven applications.

With its rich set of features, PL/SQL enables efficient data access and manipulation while also providing developers with a solid platform for designing complex business logic. By leveraging the features of PL/SQL, developers can create robust applications that are more reliable and easier to maintain. PL/SQL helps organizations maximize the value of their Oracle databases by enabling rapid development and deployment of custom-built solutions.

What Are Oracle SQL Transactions and Locking?

Oracle SQL transactions and locking are mechanisms that ensure data integrity. Transactions allow multiple users to access the same data simultaneously without compromising accuracy, while locking prevents users from accessing the same piece of data at the same time. Oracle SQL provides two types of transactions: explicit and implicit. Explicit transactions can be initiated by a user when they want to commit or roll back a particular operation. Implicit transactions are automatically initiated by the database for certain operations such as DDL (Data Definition Language) statements. Locking is a mechanism used to manage concurrent access to data, allowing multiple users to read from or write to the same data without interference. Oracle provides different lock modes such as shared locks, exclusive locks, and intent locks, to ensure data consistency. By using transactions and locking mechanisms in Oracle SQL, organizations can ensure that their data remains accurate and secure at all times.

Oracle SQL also provides various monitoring and optimization techniques such as the V$LOCK system view which can be used to monitor locks held by applications or users on an object or database at a given point in time. This helps organizations identify any potential bottlenecks or deadlocks, which can then be rectified quickly and efficiently. Additionally, Indexing is another powerful tool used to improve database performance by creating an index on commonly used columns in a table. By using these techniques, Oracle SQL provides organizations with the ability to maintain data integrity and improve the performance of their database systems.

What Are Oracle SQL Stored Procedures and Functions?

Oracle SQL stored procedures and functions are a type of database programming language that allows developers to create programs, known as subprograms, within the Oracle database. They can accept input parameters (arguments) and return multiple values in the form of output parameters. Stored procedures can also be used to fetch data from tables or perform calculations. They are useful for automating common tasks and increasing efficiency, as they can be reused multiple times. By using stored procedures, developers can create applications that adhere to the principle of data integrity while also reducing development time. Stored procedures provide an additional layer of security by preventing direct access to the underlying tables in the database. As a result, applications can be deployed more quickly and securely.

Oracle SQL stored procedures and functions allow developers to rapidly create robust applications that can be reused multiple times. Not only do they provide an additional layer of security, but also help increase efficiency by eliminating the need for repetitive coding tasks. As such, stored procedures are a valuable asset for any Oracle database developer.

What Are Oracle SQL Triggers?

Oracle SQL triggers are a powerful feature of the Oracle database. A trigger is a program unit that is automatically executed in response to certain events on a particular table or view in a database. It can be used to enforce complex business rules, audit data modifications, and automate complex tasks such as cascading updates across multiple tables. When an event occurs, triggers can be used to execute a stored procedure or an anonymous block of PL/SQL code which modifies the data before or after it is written to the database. This enables developers to create sophisticated business logic that will execute reliably and consistently in response to data changes. Triggers are also useful for auditing table changes and logging user activity. By using triggers, developers can create powerful solutions to meet the business needs of their organization.

Oracle triggers offer numerous advantages over other methods for performing data manipulation and validation. They are well-integrated into the Oracle database, allowing for reliable and efficient executions. Triggers are also more secure than relying on application logic written in procedural code. As triggers are stored in the database itself, their execution is independent of any user or application process and can be invoked by multiple users at once. This makes them a reliable and secure choice for implementing business logic or data validations. Triggers are also more efficient than other methods due to their tight integration with Oracle’s engine. They can also be used to implement complex logic and consistency checking in a single statement, reducing the amount of code and effort needed to create reliable applications.

What Are Oracle SQL Timestamps and Intervals?

Oracle SQL timestamps and Intervals are used to represent dates and times when dealing with database applications. A timestamp is a type of data that stores both the date and time components of a single point in time, while an interval is a length of time that can be specified in days, hours, minutes, seconds, or any combination thereof.

Timestamps are used to track when certain events occur, including user logins, product orders, and file downloads. Intervals can be used to measure the time between these events or the duration of an event itself. Both timestamps and intervals are useful for a variety of database operations such as analyzing trends over time and scheduling maintenance tasks. Oracle SQL provides functions for managing these data types, allowing database administrators to easily incorporate timestamps and intervals into their applications.

With the help of Oracle SQL's timestamp and interval functions, developers can create powerful applications that leverage time-based data. By maintaining an accurate record of events over time, businesses can gain valuable insights into their operations and identify areas for improvement. Through the use of these features, Oracle SQL provides an efficient way to manage time-based data and make better decisions.

What Are Oracle SQL Large Objects?

Oracle SQL Large Objects (LOBs) are data types used in the Oracle Database to store large amounts of structured or unstructured data. LOBs can store up to 4 gigabytes of data and can offer improved performance for applications that require access to large amounts of data stored within a single row in the database. Types of LOBs include BLOBs (binary large objects), CLOBs (character large objects), and NCLOBs (national character large objects). LOB data types are used to store video, audio, text documents, and images. They can also be used to store XML documents and other non-structured data such as hierarchical or object-oriented data. LOBs offer several benefits such as improved performance when retrieving large amounts of data, better scalability, and the ability to partition larger databases into smaller segments for faster access. They are also beneficial in terms of security since it is possible to encrypt the content stored within LOBs. In addition, they allow applications to quickly access data stored in the database without having to copy data to and from the disk. By making use of LOBs, organizations can ensure that their data is stored more efficiently while improving application performance.

Overall, Oracle Large Objects provide a useful and powerful way for organizations to store large amounts of structured or unstructured data in the Oracle Database with improved performance and security. By using LOBs, organizations can ensure that their data is stored more efficiently while optimizing access to large amounts of data.

Related Oracle Information:

How Much Do Oracle Training Courses Cost?

Public instructor-led Oracle course prices start at $2,850 per student. Group training discounts are available.

Self-Paced Oracle eLearning courses cost $750 at the starting point per student. Group purchase discounts are available.

What Oracle Skills Should I Learn?

A: If you are wondering what Oracle skills are important to learn, we've written a Oracle Skills and Learning Guide that maps out Oracle skills that are key to master and which of our courses teaches each skill.

Read Our Oracle Skills and Learning Guide

How Can Oracle Training and Certification Benefit Your Career?

A: There are several different types of Oracle certifications, and each demonstrates skills and knowledge that can improve your professional standing in the IT industry. Whether you’re a novice who is just learning the fundamentals of Oracle or someone who specializes in database work, there’s an Oracle certification for you. Those who earn certifications can typically expect to earn thousands of dollars more per year. Training for an Oracle certification exam can take place in a class or online, and choosing the right training course can depend on your base skills and your ultimate professional goals.

More Information on How Oracle Training and Certification Can Benefit Your Career

How Can I Prepare for Oracle Certification, and Is it Worthwhile?

A: If you work in information technology (IT), obtaining an Oracle certification can raise your pay, cement your professional reputation, and present you with more job opportunities. Preparing for an Oracle certification exam can include signing up for training, working through practice exams, and taking exam prep seminars. Participating in a third-party Oracle course can increase your chances of passing a certification exam, especially if you sign up for one that’s specifically designed to cover the topics that will be tested. This can be especially true for complex roles, like that of a Oracle database administrator.

More Information on Preparing for Oracle Certifications

How can I learn Oracle database?

A: There are a few different ways that you can learn Oracle database. One option is to take classes online through Certstaffix Training. We offer both individual online and group onsite face-to-face classes so you can choose the best option for your needs.

Another way to learn about Oracle databases is to find resources online or in books. This can be a more independent way of learning, but it may take longer to grasp all of the concepts. Whichever route you decide to take, make sure you have a good foundation in SQL querying before diving into Oracle databases.

Browse our Oracle and SQL Querying courses available or contact us to find out more.

How long does it take to learn Oracle database?

A: There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the amount of time it takes to learn Oracle database will vary depending on your prior experience and level of expertise. However, most students can expect to spend at least a few weeks or months studying and practicing before they feel confident using the software.

If you're new to databases or programming in general, you may want to consider taking an introductory course or two before diving into Oracle. Once you have a basic understanding of concepts like SQL and PL/SQL, you'll be better prepared to tackle the more advanced topics covered in Oracle training courses.

If you're already familiar with other database systems, you may be able to pick up Oracle fairly quickly. However, even experienced database users will need to spend some time getting used to the specific syntax and features of Oracle. The best way to learn is by doing, so be sure to find an Oracle course or tutorial that includes plenty of hands-on exercises.

With dedicated study and practice, most students should be able to learn Oracle databases within a few months. However, it's important to keep in mind that this is a complex piece of software with many different features and functions. It may take years to become a true expert in Oracle databases.

Is Oracle and SQL same?

A: No, Oracle and SQL are not the same. Oracle is a database management system (DBMS), while SQL is a standard query language for databases. While both can be used to manage data in a database, they serve different purposes. SQL is used to query, insert, update, and delete data in a database, while Oracle is used to manage the database itself.

Browse Certstaffix Training's available SQL Querying and Oracle Database courses or contact us today to learn more.

What are the top Oracle skills?

A: If you're looking to become an Oracle database administrator, or even just use Oracle databases more effectively, there are a few key skills you'll need to master.

First and foremost, you'll need to be familiar with SQL, the standard language for interacting with databases. Oracle's version of SQL, called PL/SQL, is a bit different from the standard, but learning the basics will still give you a good foundation.

Next, you'll need to know how to design efficient database schema. This involves understanding how data is related and how it can be normalized to reduce redundancy.

Finally, you should have a solid understanding of performance tuning. This includes knowing how to configure Oracle databases for optimal performance and troubleshooting performance issues when they arise.

If you have these skills, you'll be well on your way to becoming an Oracle database expert.

Where Can I Learn More About Oracle?

Oracle Blogs

Oracle User Groups

Oracle Online Forums

Explore Oracle Database Training Classes Near Me:

Certstaffix Training provides Oracle classes near me or online, depending on the number of students involved. We offer online courses for individual learners, as well as in person classes at your office for corporate groups. Our trainers are highly experienced professionals with the expertise necessary to help you gain a thorough understanding of Oracle concepts and tools. With our courses available online for individuals or in person for corporate groups, it's easy to develop your Oracle skills. Start learning today and see how Certstaffix Training can help you reach your goals.


Have a Group?
Request Private Training

12/11/2023 10:00:00 AM
Online Class

Registration Deadline - 11/26/2023


1/22/2024 10:00:00 AM
Online Class

Registration Deadline - 01/07/2024


3/4/2024 10:00:00 AM
Online Class

Registration Deadline - 02/18/2024


4/15/2024 10:00:00 AM
Online Class

Registration Deadline - 03/31/2024


6/3/2024 10:00:00 AM
Online Class

Registration Deadline - 05/19/2024


7/22/2024 10:00:00 AM
Online Class

Registration Deadline - 07/07/2024


9/9/2024 10:00:00 AM
Online Class

Registration Deadline - 08/25/2024


10/21/2024 10:00:00 AM
Online Class

Registration Deadline - 10/06/2024


12/2/2024 10:00:00 AM
Online Class

Registration Deadline - 11/17/2024

Start your training today!